Instantly recognizable, the Lily pads they are possibly the most sought after among all aquatic plants. Choose from among the many elegant shapes and colors of this attractive and lush foliage flower. With dwarf and large forms available, they are an excellent choice for a half wooden barrel, an informal pond or the largest natural pool.
Cultivating nupheres in a garden pond
It is also known as water lily and its botanical name is Nymphaea. It belongs to the perennial aquatic group, and its flowering time is in summer. The ideal sowing time is late spring to summer. The dwarf species reach a height of 30-60cm; the small or medium 60cm-1.5m; and the vigorous 1.5-2.4m. They are resistant to frost and their cultivation is of moderate difficulty to difficult.
Make sure that the display tanks from the nursery are not infected with weeds, as they could transmit problems to your pond. Water lilies vary widely in force. Make sure that the final size of the plant is appropriate for the pond and the depth of water available.
Plantation of the waterfowl: To grow successfully, they need calm, in a water far from disturbances by waterfalls, fountains or pumps. They are best planted between late spring and late summer in an open position with full sun.
The waterfowl are best grown in water baskets. Choose an appropriate size for the vigor of the plant. Mark the lines of the basket with the burlap and fill with silty earth or compost from aquatic plants, planting the crown at ground level.
Trim the long roots and cut off the old or damaged leaves and the buds of the flowers. Water well before placing it in the pond and then submerge the plant so that it is covered by about 15-25 cm of water and the young leaves float on the surface. To ensure the correct depth, place the basket on bricks or another elevated platform. In a new pond, the basket can be placed in the bottom before filling the pond.
As the plants grow, gradually lower the container in stages until it finally rests at the bottom of the pond . Tropical water lilies can be planted at their permanent depth immediately, as they grow rapidly.
The waterfowl are heavy feeders and benefit from a proprietary slow release aquatic fertilizer added to the compost or soil during the growing season, following the manufacturer's instructions.
Maintenance: The flowers last three or four days and must be cut below the water line along with the old leaves before they sink and rot.
Propagation by division: The rhizomatous water lilies can be divided every four to five years depending on the vigor of the plant. To maintain vigor, divide the water lilies when they are covered with vegetation and congested, with few flowers or when the roots have passed the container. The leaves pushed out of the water instead of lying on the surface may be another sign that it is time to divide.
Lift the plant in late spring or early summer. Remove the small rhizomes (approximately 15 cm in size and each with a young sprout) from the thick main crown using a sharp knife. Plant up to the rhizomes in a silty soil (there are mixtures sold in aquatic centers) and firm. Insert the new bouquet in water baskets just below the soil surface with the fibrous roots spread below and cover the soil with a layer of washed pea.
Stakes of the shoots: Some tuberous clouds can be propagated by bud stakes. They produce lateral eyes that can be cut from the roots. Press each cut into a prepared container, cover the dress and immerse it in water in a greenhouse at 15-18 ° C. As the plants grow, pot, increasing the depth of the water until they are ready to be planted in the pond. next spring.
Separation of the buds from the roots or seedlings in the spring or early summer: Some tropical nurseries produce young plants that can form and flower while still attached to the mother leaf. Transplant in shallow saucepans in water and let rise at 15-18 ° C. Gradually increase the water level and climb into aquatic containers.
Seed: Some resistant nymphores do not easily fix the seed, but the tender or tropical species fix large amounts and can grow from seeds. Sow resistant seeds immediately, if available, before they dry. The seed of the tropical water lily is best sown in spring.
Sow the seeds evenly in seed compost pans. You should sprinkle with compost, water, and then place the pans in a bowl and cover with 2.5-5cm of water. Hardy water lily seeds require a minimum temperature of 13 ° C to germinate and the tropical seed 23-27 ° C.
When the seedlings are large enough to handle, plant in pots dipped in 5-7.5cm of water. Plant them later in containers of 6 cm (2.5 inches) in 8-10 cm (3-4 inches) of water. Cultivate Hardy: for dwarf nupheres, use half a barrel or a mini pond with 30-45cm of water depth.
The species 'Pygmaea Helvola' AGM has tiny olive green leaves marked brown or purple that extend 30-45cm. Its flowering has a star shape with blooms of yellow, during the summer.
Small and medium water lilies need a depth of 45-75cm or 18-30 inches:
Among them, the water lily 'James Brydon' AGM requires a good shade partly with purple leaves that extend to 90cm-1.2m and has bright pink flowers, from June to September.
The species 'Paul Hariot' has mottled purple leaves that extend to 1.2 m (4 ft). It is sometimes known as a "changeable" water lily because free flowering blooms change color during the season. This particular water lily presents shades of apricot to deep pinkish orange with age.
Larger water lilies adapt to a large pond or lake, with a water depth of 75cm-1.2m (2.5-4 feet):
The water lily species 'Escarboucle' AGM is possibly the best red water lily. It has an extension of leaves of 1.2-2.5m and flowers in a rich rich red, which grow at 30cm during the summer.
The water lily 'Gladstoniana' AGM extends vigorously with wavy leaves and white flowers that are up to 30 cm wide.
There are two main types of waterfowl we can select for our ponds, tropical and hardies. For more details on how they are grouped by scientists, consult a family tree of the water lily, but for most of our purposes, a description of its characteristics suffices.
The main thing that differentiates them is the cold. Tropical waterpeters do not like it and hardies tolerate it. Although all can withstand cold conditions, the rizona of many hardies can survive in barely frozen waters.
Classes and species of waterfowl
When the formation of ice is a threat, the tubers of the tropical ones must be removed from the pond and stored in cold to warm humid conditions to re-plant in the coming years. In warm climates they can remain in the pond.
This does not mean that hardies will not grow well in the south and tropical ones will not grow well in the north. There are popular varieties of both are very tolerant of the wide variability in temperatures and conditions. It is more a question of style what should help you in your selections.
The colors of its flowers include white, all shades of pink, yellow, blue, purple and shades of green. All are placed on the water and the forms are generally starry but some varieties are more hollowed out.
Growth Habit: The tropics grow from a single central crown. All the leaves and flowers radiate from this point and the growth is vertical.
In contrast Hardies grow horizontally and along a fleshy rhizomatous pattern. Your "Eyes" are points along the rhizome that produce new crowns.
The tropical pads are usually somewhat thin with slightly scalloped or toothy edges. They can be green, mottled or mixed with brown or bronze.
The resistant pads are quite thick and leathery with soft edges. Most are light green, although many are slightly mottled brown when they are young. The exception is the species 'Arc-en-ciel' which is green, pink and brown.
The propagation is carried out of the tuber and of the division for the exact duplication, or of the seed for the variation. In some varieties known as "viviparous", new plants produced in the leaves are made.
It also includes the characteristics of the tropical lilies of nocturnal flowering since they are a little different from the diurnal species and we include the Mexican water lily, classified as a hardy but very different from the rest of them. We do not recommend cultivating it because it is quite indistinct and can be invasive.