Nowadays, more and more people are moving into the city and living in apartments. But this does not have to take away the desire to cultivate our own vegetables . The only thing seems to be missing, is the land for gardening. However, growing an urban garden on a balcony is not that difficult, and you can really have an urban vegetable garden. Almost any plant you can grow in a garden will also thrive in your urban garden on the balcony under the right conditions, of course. If you are determined to make an urban garden and grow vegetables in containers, you need to make sure to use synthetic soils. These are the most suitable for plants in containers. Synthetic floors are made of wood shavings, peat moss, sawdust, vermiculite, perlite or any other type of synthetic seeding media. You can fill the bottom of the container with coarse gravel before laying the floor. This will improve the drainage of your plants. Once your plants They are in their containers or pots on the balcony do not forget to water them.
Daily watering is necessary but more than once it would be too much. If, by chance, your balcony has direct sunlight and has no roof, you will not have to water on rainy days. Any vegetable that is easy to transplant is ideal for growing in containers. However, you can also germinate seeds and then transplant them to their containers in your urban garden when they are ready. From your urban garden on the balcony you can produce a lot of vegetables, as long as your plants receive lots of moisture and sunlight. Be sure to harvest your vegetables when they are at their peak ripeness. Growing an urban garden on a balcony is not difficult. Just do the same thing you would do in your own garden. After this introduction we will continue with some vegetables that you can grow in pots and containers on the balcony.
Do not start growing tomatoes too early before the season, unless you live in warm weather otherwise, your tomatoes may be exposed to unexpected frosts and cold temperatures. The best planting time is when the temperature begins to stay above 10 C. Unlike all other plants, tomatoes must be planted deeply. Deep planting promotes a healthy and strong root system. At the time of planting, cover the bottom of your tomato seedling with soil and leave less than half of the plant uncovered.
Cultivate certain tomato varieties if you are short on space. Certain tomatoes do not grow too tall or wide so for the balcony you should look for tomatoes of these varieties. Growing the garden tomatoes in a small space is a mistake, as they easily grow above 1.5 meters in height and extend a lot, therefore, require robust support. On the other hand, certain types of tomatoes require a light support that can be allowed on the balcony.
There are two types of beans depending on how they grow they can grow as shrubs or as climbers plus more come in various sizes and colors. The beans are also of two types when it comes to the way of cooking some can be cooked with the shell that is how and the others we must remove them from the shell to eat them. They are a vegetable of the warm season that is best grown in spring, but can also be grown later for a late summer harvest in some temperate zones. The depth of the container size for the bean crop varies depending on the type of vegetable. Make sure the pot or container has several unobstructed drain holes when beans are grown in containers.
Green beans can be beautiful plants to grow in containers. With its pretty flowers and attractive foliage that can even beautify the balcony. Beans need warm temperatures to grow. Irrigation is essential in the stage of flower production. If the plants dry, the shoots fall. In warm weather, when the plants are in full growth and already have flowers the best thing to do is sprinkle with water on the leaves and flowers first thing in the morning or at night. This also helps with pollination.
Lettuce grows quickly and you will have the opportunity to harvest it several times throughout the growing season. As lettuce is a vegetable that is eaten fresh, you will have to decide what is the right time for your crop according to the weather, generally, the seeds are planted in spring. But if you live in a warm climate, you can grow lettuce in winter.
To grow the lettuce, choose a pot or a wide container instead of deep (20 centimeters deep is enough). When sowing, be sure to leave space of at least 10 centimeters between each plant. Use soil that drains well and do only superficial and frequent watering to keep the soil slightly humid at all times.
4 Peppers and chili peppers
The peppers and peppers are super productive which makes them excellent candidates for growing in containers on the balcony. They look very good in pots and need a sunny and warm place. If you have the pot in a sunny place and provide the right soil and fertilize the plant from time to time you will get great harvest. A large pot that is at least 30 centimeters deep is optimal. Pepper plants are short-lived perennials in the tropics, but in cold temperate regions, they are grown year-round. Due to the fact that pepper is a warm-climate vegetable crop requires much more heat than cucumbers and tomatoes, growing peppers in pots is a great idea if you live in a cold climate.
Growing the pepper in a pot is easy. The first thing you have to do is buy the plant or grow it from seeds. You can grow up to 2-3 plants (of the smallest varieties) in a pot. If you grow seed peppers you can start the crop at any time. The seeds will germinate in 1 to 3 weeks depending on the climatic conditions and the quality of the seed. When the seedlings have 2 leaves they are ready to be transplanted in the desired containers. What is left to do is water them. For the chilles in the growing season it is good to feed them weekly with a potassium fertilizer. Chilies require heat and long sunny days to mature properly.
5 Chinese mustard
When to plant this Asian vegetable At the end of the summer (6 to 12 weeks before the first frost), sow the seeds inside and leave the pot inside. Transplant the seedlings when they are four weeks old. Some Asian vegetables similar to this can also be grown in spring, but because spring crops are prone to diseases, be sure to choose resistant varieties.
Chinese mustard grows best in moist, fertile and well-drained soils with a pH between 6.0 and 6.5. Choose a sunny spot, and leave your pot there. It is best to sow the seeds approximately 5 centimeters away and 2 centimeters deep, then water well.
Although eggplants are susceptible to many pests in the garden, it is easy to grow them. They are plants that love the heat and need to live in places where it is hot both day and night, therefore, cultivating them during the summer is the most appropriate option. But if you live in a very warm climate you can grow it all year round.
In addition, it is easier to grow them in containers than in a large garden. It is necessary to keep the pots in full sun and to put fertilizer to them they are cultivated like all the other plants of the family of the tomatoes, the peppers and the potatoes, the aubergines also need to be watered regularly.