Known as vertical gardens and also green walls the system of plants with this type of growth has great popularity. These are species that can develop although they do not have a solid substrate. It can be common ground or with the use of synthetic fibers. One of the many benefits of vertical gardens is its versatility. They are systems that can be installed both in outdoor areas and inside the living place. In order to have a true decorative function, an adequate selection of plants must be made. As a landscape element vertical gardens have allowed to beautify the environment in a different way.
In the same way, space is better utilized. The truth is that this embellishment of the walls is not something new. The initiator was Patrick Blanc. From the tropical forests, he devised a whole system that would create a revolution in modern landscaping and its relationship with architecture. To better understand vertical gardens we must start from their classifications. Mainly, two types are recognized: hydroponics and substrate. In the first case they are vertical gardens in which the roots of the plants grow in polyethylene, polyurethane among others.
Its effective development is determined by the nutrients it receives through irrigation. The roots in the case of substrate gardens develop into a kind of armor with higher organic content. Irrigation in this case is less frequent thanks to its ability to retain nutrients. A successful vertical garden should contemplate this detail properly. The most common are the installations in the upper area of the vertical garden. Be in designs with substrate or the mentioned fibers creates a kind of closed circuit that will serve to collect the water that over. With the help of a recirculation pump it can be used again.
Vertical gardens and the best plants
As a general rule, plants that guarantee greater success in this type of garden are those with little substrate. Commonly known as aerial plants, in this group can be ferns, mosses, orchids or epiphytes. However, it is equally possible to use some low maintenance such as echeverrias or crasulas. Especially epiphytes are plants that do not need large spaces to achieve adequate growth.
In their growth they do it on other plants using them as a kind of support. So they can be ideal in vertical garden designs. The so-called love tie is another species recommended by its resistance. In its favor it also has the ability to reproduce quickly and be easy to maintain. It is also great beauty by the combination of green tones in its long leaves.
We can not fail to mention the succulents , as we see in many photos is among the favorites in the vertical gardens. They have a very special variety of colors and a variety of shapes. Another of its positive aspects is its ability to adapt to the environment and resistance. In this last point especially to changes in temperature. Aspects that make them perfect candidates for the design of vertical gardens.
The so-called incense plant owes its name to its peculiar smell that resembles incense. When it comes to small spaces is a species with which you can get excellent results. With elongated leaves and striking colors is a very interesting visual point. The center is green and the white edges with excellent contrast. Considered a creeping species it can be used as a climber.
However, keep in mind that it can be affected during the winter. For other changes and seasons you will not have to worry. For vertical gardens with a jungle effect and greater exoticism ferns are other plants that we recommend. Undoubtedly is one of the most used and if ability to adapt is amazing. It can grow well in practically any space and is backed by its resistance. Its beauty is another aspect to consider and that will make our garden look great.
Its elongated leaves have a large volume. Becoming a beautiful contrast thanks to its diversity of textures. The best of all is that you can be both inside and outside the home. Regardless of the area, it makes vertical gardens very colorful spaces. Making the moments we spend in it more pleasant. Temperature variations will not be a problem for ferns either.
Accompanied by some of these species all the composition must have fundamental elements such as a metallic structure and support panels. Added to this is an irrigation layer to supply the nutrients and the recirculation pump. Having all this system well assembled the vertical garden will be a beauty in clear dependency of its dimensions and complexity.
Vertical gardens, in addition to their aesthetic benefit, have now become a kind of ecological necessity. Environmental pollution is evident and there are fewer and fewer green spaces in cities. With the appearance of smaller designs has changed the traditional way in the cultivation of plants.
Many of the current homes have the exact dimensions that do not allow many solutions. So vertical gardens have become that solution to space problems and the need for a green area in homes. Its impact at the aesthetic level is evident. At the same time they are an effective way out so we can breathe an air of better quality.
Vertical gardens the main designs proposals
The first thing in each design proposal is to have a wall for cultivation. In practice it must be constituted by the vertical installation of the plants of our preference. With the passage of time they will be likened to a green wall. Each of the roots will be mixed between the compartments of the type of substrate according to the model.
Therefore, in order to maintain a good moisture level, the supply is made through the sheets. With a greater development the bacteria help the metabolism of the nutrients in the roots. Another of the main characteristics in vertical gardens is their combination with the circulation system of construction. Obviously when it comes to designs for large spaces.
Air is blown through the walls with the help of fans located on the wall. Later this air is recirculated by the building in question. Other types of gardens have open walls that facilitate a free circulation of air. In other words, vertical gardens can be considered a new form of gardening in urban spaces.
According to the finish and the contrast of the plants they could well be an artistic element. The effects on the urban environment are equally appreciated on the health of people. According to the circulation problems in some buildings its inhabitants are prone to respiratory affections. A vertical garden in one of these buildings will help significantly increase oxygen levels with air recirculation.
The ecological effect as we mentioned is impressive. It is worth remembering the way in which the water is being recycled. There are other projects that demonstrate the great impact of plants in the purification of water. The nutrients dissolved in the water can be absorbed by the roots. As a whole, bacteria break down other organic components so that they can be used by plants.
In essence, in the case of cities, this type of garden is one of the best options. If you want to save space and at the same time enjoy a green area and cleaner air do not hesitate to create yours. Arid-type environments with high temperatures are perfect for them. There are variants of environments with high levels of pollution where it is an effective way to cushion the situation.
For the city and areas devoid of vegetation can decorate public spaces. Creating one at home is a subject of great interest today. To do so, there are many tutorials that recreate them in each of the steps. However, it is best to know each of the details of the possible installations.
In this way we will be better prepared for any difficulty in the creation process. To achieve a more natural image there are specialists who do not advise the use of overlapping pots, or panels. Ideally, the garden should look as integrated as possible to the surrounding environment.
General advice for the creation of vertical gardens.
Remember that there is a very direct relationship between the plants that integrate it and the bacteria or fungi. Therefore, each plant that will be used must be known in order to assess its potential. Each of them will be in full interaction and this will allow an absolute aesthetic. Control in the same way the substrate that you are going to use.
If it is a garden designed for the interior of your home other details such as humidity and lighting can be controlled more effectively. The designs designed for the exterior will have to adapt to the conditions of the place where they are. A healthy vertical garden will be one in which the substrate and its depth are well controlled.
As well as some problem of salinity in the irrigation water. The combination of the plants must be based on mutualism. Remember that it is a system in which everything will be integrated. Therefore it will be necessary that each one of them obtain benefits that allow them an adequate development.
Each of these plants must have the ideal support so that they can survive receiving the nutrients properly. Thus we will have a full guarantee of its correct development in this position. As a first step in creating your own vertical garden is to conceive a design. Think how it should be and how the tones will be.
If you prefer a more monochromatic style based on several shades of green plants it's a great idea. Otherwise variants with a certain air to the forest are made with plants that protrude more from the wall. Taking into account these details you will have a clearer idea of the plants you will need and how to locate them throughout the vertical garden.
Similarly consider whether it will be a garden located directly in the sun or rather in a shadow space. There is a temperature difference in both cases that can similarly determine the type of plant. The second step we have already discussed is the substrate and the possible tools that are used. For a small design at home the options are many.
However before starting it is advisable to be well informed about the possible types of substrates. Both mixed and land or hydroponics have their benefits or disadvantages. We just have to think about which one would best adapt to our conditions. To save us headaches there are systems that are already sold with a prefabricated part and are very comfortable to install.
In a third step after completing its installation, the decisive factor is irrigation. The installation of the irrigation system will depend on the type of substrate that we select for our vertical garden. This will be the decisive point for greater or lesser complexity. For modular systems based on earth the best is a drip system.
You can help a professional to determine this aspect and you will save money for your project. In the last case the plants of your selection, if you have already verified that everything goes perfectly with the irrigation system then it is time to think about the plants. Place them based on the design you have defined and your personal taste.
Each of the species must have the lighting and moisture necessary for its development. It has to be just a measure of lack or under excessive conditions could end up with the aesthetics of your garden. Enjoy and find inspiration in these beautiful proposals of our gallery.